Vol. 1 Núm. 1 (2019): JM&BS
Articles

Trabajando por su cuenta: Comparando el autoempleo dependiente y tradicional europeo con el empleo asalariado, a través de características personales, ocupacionales y de autopercepción

Antonio Ariza-Montes
Universidad Loyola Andalucía
Noel M. Muñiz-Rodríguez
Deusto Foundation
Virginia Navajas-Romero
Universidad de Córdoba
María del Carmen López-Martín
Universidad Loyola Andalucía
Publicado August 5, 2019
Palabras clave
  • Autoempleo, Autopercepción, Cultural Organizacional, Empleados Asalariados, Empleados Autónomos Dependientes

Resumen

Este trabajo explora las características personales / familiares, ocupacionales y de autopercepción de los empleados asalariados frente a los autónomos para corroborar comparativamente si las ventajas del autoempleo tienen que ver con ciertas compensaciones intrínsecas, identificando las características claves que podrían definir a los europeos actuales. Autónomos dependientes. Se basa en el uso del modelo de regresión logística binaria y análisis multivariado. Los hallazgos revelan que las condiciones de trabajo de naturaleza casual son más desfavorables para los trabajadores por cuenta propia en comparación con las de los trabajadores asalariados; mientras que los trabajadores autónomos disfrutan de una mayor flexibilidad a la hora de decidir el calendario y el desarrollo / contenido de sus actividades, compensando su mayor precariedad con una considerable flexibilidad y autonomía. Los elementos de la compensación intrínseca se reducen considerablemente para los trabajadores autónomos dependientes, cuando se comparan las condiciones de trabajo. La originalidad de este trabajo, dada la falta de investigación en este campo, se basa en un examen comparativo de las características laborales de los trabajadores autónomos dependientes europeos del siglo XXI en el contexto todavía actual de la crisis económica.

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